A United States think tank organization known as the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the Harvard Kennedy School have designated Nigeria a failed country based on the outcome of research conducted on the country.
The research findings were released by a senior fellow of CFR and former US Ambassador to Nigeria, John Campbell, and Mr Robert Rotberg, who is the founding director, Harvard Kennedy School’s Programme on Intrastate Conflict and president emeritus, World Peace Foundation.
They said their position was not based on emotion or the fancy of using pejorative words to described the situation, but on “a body of political theory developed at the turn of this century and elaborated upon, case by case, ever since.”
The report said Nigeria has since moved from being a weak state to “a fully failed state,” having manifested all the signs of a failed country, including the inability of the government to protect the citizens, large-scale violence, and festering insurgency.
According to them, President Muhammadu Buhari admitted that the Federal Government has lost control of the situation is the first step towards the restoration of stability. The duo warned that Nigeria’s failure as a state comes with negative consequences for peace and security in West Africa sub-region as well as Europe and the US.
“Nigeria has long teetered on the precipice of failure. But now, unable to keep its citizens safe and secure, Nigeria has become a fully failed state of critical geopolitical concern. “Its failure matters because the peace and prosperity of Africa and preventing the spread of disorder and militancy around the globe depend on a stronger Nigeria.
“Its economy is usually estimated to be Africa’s largest or second-largest, after South Africa. Long West Africa’s hegemon, Nigeria played a positive role in promoting African peace and security.
“With state failure, it can no longer sustain that vocation, and no replacement is in sight. Its security challenges are already destabilizing the West African region in the face of resurgent jihadism, making the battles of the Sahel that much more difficult to contain.
“And spillover from Nigeria’s failures ultimately affect the security of Europe and the United States.
“Indeed, thoughtful Nigerians over the past decade have debated, often fervently, whether their state has failed. Increasingly, their consensus is that it has,” the report published on foreignpolicy.com on Thursday, said.
The remainder of the report is reproduced below:
There are four kinds of nations: the strong, the weak, the failed, and the collapsed.
According to previously published research estimates, of the 193 members of the United Nations, 60 or 70 are strong—the nations that rank highest in the listings of Freedom House, the human rights reports of the U. S. State Department, the anticorruption perception indices of Transparency International, and so on.
There are three places that should be considered collapsed: Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen.
Eighty or 90 U.N. members are weak. Weakness consists of providing many, but not all, of essential public goods, the most important of which are security and safety. If citizens are not secure from harm within national borders, governments cannot deliver good governance (the essential services that citizens expect) to their constituents.
Possibly a dozen or so states are failed, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, and Myanmar. Each lacks security, is unsafe, has weak rules of law, is corrupt, limits political participation and voice, discriminates within its borders against various classes and kinds of citizens, and provides educational and medical services sparingly. Most of all, failed states are violent.
All failed states harbor some form of violent internal strife, such as civil war or insurgency. Nigeria now confronts six or more internal insurrections and the inability of the Nigerian state to provide peace and stability to its people has tipped a hitherto very weak state into failure. According to political theory, the government’s inability to thwart the Boko Haram insurgency is enough to diagnose Nigeria as a failed state. But there are many more symptoms. At a bare minimum, citizens expect their states to keep them secure from external attack and to keep them safe within their borders.
The bargain that subjects long ago made with their sovereigns was being kept from harm in exchange for allegiance and taxation. When that quid pro quo breaks down, a state loses its coherence, its social fabric disintegrates, and warring factions subvert the social contract that should provide the fundamental foundation of the state. Nigeria now appears to have reached the point of no return. Indeed, few parts of Nigeria are today fully safe. In 2020 and so far in 2021, according to weekly tracking reports by the Council on Foreign Relations, about 1,400 Nigerians have lost their lives to Islamist insurgents in northeastern Borno State and neighboring areas.
Boko Haram, a fundamentalist-inspired militia of possibly 5,000 attackers, also raids neighboring Chad and northern Cameroon, and is believed to shelter in the Sambisa forest along Borno’s mountainous border with Cameroon. Exactly why a Nigerian Armed Forces of 300,000 troops and a $2 billion budget has failed to extirpate Boko Haram is not clear; corruption in the military is allegedly a major factor, as well as inconsistent leadership from officers and politicians. (And, like Afghanistan’s Taliban, Boko Haram seems to have some limited local support.)
In the western areas of the Muslim north, particularly in the large and populous Kaduna, Katsina, and Yobe states, gangs of kidnappers have preyed upon schoolchildren in their boarding schools.
Ransom has been the motive, and payments (rarely acknowledged) have indeed been provided to return as many as 600 children to their parents after forcibly taking large groups of pupils from their dormitories, often marching them barefoot to distant holding pens. Federal and state security forces seem so far to have been mostly perfunctory in their attempts to secure schools in the northern states and generally unable to protect their trusting citizens. In these same northern states, and farther south in Nigeria’s Middle Belt, Muslim Fulani herders have for several years been clashing with settled agriculturalists over access to land and water. These contests are often violent and recurrent.
Neither central nor state government security brigades have secured these areas. In the south, where Fulani incursions now also worry settled farmers, Igbo-speaking insurgents have recently resurrected the Biafran secessionist movement that sought to take that southeastern region out of Nigeria in 1967-1970. Now the Indigenous People of Biafra, a separatist movement that reflects and facilitates popular discontent, is gaining support among the Igbo, Nigeria’s third-largest language group. In foreign capitals, an honest acknowledgment that Nigeria has failed ought to generate further assistance from the African Union and foreign donors Nearby, there remains festering discontent against the central government among the Ijaw and Ogoni peoples of the Niger Delta, who feel deprived of the oil wealth that comes from their waters but largely ends up in the hands of political and economic elites connected to the government of President Muhammadu Buhari and its predecessors.
In 2006, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta began to assert the rights and claims of its followers, but it is now less formidable as an insurgent force. Nevertheless, bombings, assassinations, and kidnappings in the Delta region, including the major city of Port Harcourt, continue, further destabilizing the region. Offshore, the Gulf of Guinea is now the most dangerous shipping zone in the world; nowhere on Earth do pirates strike more often. More than 130 sailors were taken hostage last year by pirates operating from strongholds in the Niger Delta, and the Nigerian Navy has seemed powerless to secure its waters. Corruption, always a problem in Nigeria, has remained endemic. Buhari’s administration came to power in 2015 and won reelection in 2019 with promises to clean up corruption. But Nigeria is as corrupt at every jurisdictional level as it has been for decades, which greatly hinders the continuing struggle against insecurity.
Transparency International’s latest Corruption Perceptions Index ranks Nigeria toward the bottom—at 149th of 180 countries. Calling out failure for what it is may induce the government of Nigeria itself to take notice and to exert itself to keep constituents safe, reduce the several civil conflicts that plague many parts of the nation, prevent a plethora of kidnappings of schoolchildren, eliminate piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, and contain violent contests between herders and farmers.
In foreign capitals, an honest acknowledgment that Nigeria has failed ought to generate further assistance from the African Union and foreign donors, such as the United States and European Union. In the recent past, U.S. and British surveillance flights have helped target insurgents and locate kidnappers. If the Nigerian government asks for renewed help and can use it effectively, some of the results of failure can be ameliorated.
But acknowledging state failure will help and could marshal military as well as policing support focused in the future on Boko Haram and the country’s other zones of conflict. Only a new determination by Buhari and the political class to restore security and a sense of safety to Nigeria’s citizens can prevent the nation from spiraling further into failure and despair.
The kinds of committed leadership that have been lacking in Nigeria for at least a decade will be necessary, plus renewed efforts to reduce the fraud, graft, and embezzlement that are fundamental to Nigeria’s weaknesses as a state and that are compelling contributors to its failure.
Only Nigeria can save itself, but doing so takes the kind of political will that has so far been wanting.
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Man City Place £67m Price Tag On Sterling Amid Barca Interest
Premier League champions Manchester City have reportedly placed an £67million price tag on Raheem Sterling amid interest from Barcelona.
The LaLiga giants are desperate to improve their forward line either in the January window or next summer and have placed Sterling on their shortlist of potential targets.
As reported by Sportsmail last week, Sterling wants to remain at Man City but will consider his future at the Premier League champions if he continues to struggle for consistent games.
No player has ever appeared in more matches managed by Pep Guardiola at Man City, yet the 26-year-old has started only two league games since the opening weekend of the season after the £100m summer signing of Jack Grealish.
“I’m not a person that’s going to complain, I’ve not tried to make it a bigger deal than it actually is,” Sterling said earlier this month.
“I get on with my work, do what I need to do. And I’m just raring to go: playing football matches regularly, scoring goals regularly.
“At the end of the day, if football for me is not at a certain standard I’m not really at my happiest. If I want my happiness at a certain level I need to be playing football. I need to be scoring goals and enjoying myself.”
Sterling has 18 months remaining on his current contract at Man City but has opted against opening discussions over an extension until his short-term future is resolved.
Now, according to Spanish newspaper Marca, City have told any club interested in signing Sterling that they will have to pay £67m to get a deal done.
Barcelona’s need for a new winger is exacerbated by Ousmane Dembele’s contract situation – his deal is set to expire at the end of the season. The club could look to move him on in January for a cut price to avoid losing their £135million signing on a free transfer.
Recent reports in Spain have linked Barcelona with an initial loan move for Sterling because their financial woes mean they could not afford to pay a huge fee for the former Liverpool star at present.
The club are in financial ruin due to their debt, which stands at more than £1billion, which contributed to LaLiga slashing their wage bill to a maximum of £90m – equivalent to that of Watford – last month.
25 total views, 25 views today
Kiss My Fat Black Ass, Grammy Winner, Lizzo Claps Back At Those Criticizing Her Over ‘Naked Dress’
33-year-old Grammy winner, Lizzo has fired back at those criticizing her over the totally sheer purple gown she wore with nothing but a thong and pasties underneath, to Cardi B’s dancehall-themed birthday party last week.
The “Truth Hurts” singer clapped back at her “haters” in an Instagram live session.
Lizzo said; “It’s very funny to me that people are upset that I’m wearing a see-through outfit or that I’m twerking in a see-through outfit.
“[They’re saying], ‘This is disgusting… Don’t you have bills to pay? Don’t you got mouths to feed, including your own? Don’t you have a life to live? Don’t you want to fall in love and make friends?’ Don’t you got s—to do?
“Go read the news, bitch, before I read you, ho. The f—k! Why are you worried about me?”
Lizzo then underscored her statement by pulling down her pants and slapping her bare bottom. “Kiss my ass. Kiss my fat black ass, bitch,” she concluded.
The singer wasn’t the only one showing skin at Cardi’s party; the birthday girl herself wore fishnets with a bra made from leather-woven chains, while Teyana Taylor and Winnie Harlow both rocked sheer crocheted outfits in Rastafarian colors.
51 total views, 51 views today
Tiwa Savage’s Sex Video Finally Exposed (Watch Video)
…Singer Says Her Lover Is Upset With The Development
…Our Empathy Has Gone Off the Roof” –Susan Peters, Leo Dasilva Drum Support For Tiwa
A blackmailer who has been on the trail of “Africa’s bad girl,” Tiwa Savage has succeeded in making good his threat by releasing the singer’s sex tape (Watch Here).
Recall that Tiwa had in an interview with American On Air Personality, Angie Martinez of Power 105.1, a little over a week ago revealed that she was being blackmailed over a sex video that featured her and her current lover.
Speaking about the situation, Tiwa revealed that her lover, who mistakenly uploaded the video on Snapchat before deleting almost immediately, is upset with the development.
Tiwa initially thought of succumbing to the blackmailer’s threat of paying but later decided to call the blackmailer’s bluff and push out her own narrative, after all, that what she did in the said video is something natural.
Besides, she reasoned that if she succumbed to the blackmailer’s threat, he will never back down.
Tiwa even added that if push comes to shove, she just might release the video herself as she is “that crazy.”
However, most Nigerians didn’t believe she could be naive enough to make a sex video let alone be blackmailed for it. Many concluded it was a publicity stunt to swing sympathy in her favour and help boost the sales of her recently released Extended Play, EP, “Water and Garri,” which is struggling to make the desired impact.
To the shock of many, the video has finally made its way to the public domain. Exactly 11 seconds long, it features two people in the act but only Tiwa’s face is captured on camera. Apparently, she was on a cruise boat with her significant other and a few friends and at some point, it occurred.
To say that Tiwa is quite upset over the leak would be stating the obvious. In a post she made on her insta story and addressed to those whom she said wished to destroy and shame her, she said, “You hated how I was able to control the narrative and get ahead of the story before it consumed me and I am able to joke on stage about something you thought will destroy me and make me feel ashamed.”
Meanwhile, talented actress Susan Peters has thrown her weight behind Nigerian songstress Tiwa Savage after yesterday’s event.
The actress and other few people have shown love and support to the songstress Tiwa Savage even after her sex tape hit the internet.
There was chaos on social media after the video of Tiwa Savage and his lover hit the internet.
She wrote: “Karma is a bitch, whatever you sow you will reap. You will sleep and wake up expecting the worse, our empathy has gone off the roof.
All Is well… Why would someone do a video of a woman alone and not include his own face? Why would you even do a video in the first place?
Holy Spirit please comfort everyone going through any kind of pain 🙏”.
In the same vein, Reality Tv star, Leo Dasilva has slammed Nigerians criticizing popular Nigerian singer, Tiwa Savage over her leaked sex tape.
Reacting, Leo in a post via his social media account, slammed those criticizing the mother of one.
He also advised her critics to go to the British Museum if they are looking for an Idol.
According to him, celebrities are humans too and people should always understand that.
“I don’t like people who judge others because they are not in the public eye even though they do the same thing.
“Celebrities are human beings first before being famous. Fame does not reduce or increase the fact that they are human beings with flesh and blood.
“If you’re looking for an Idol, go to the museum,” he wrote.
Nigerians have reacted differently to the release of an alleged sex tape of popular Nigerian singer, Tiwa Savage with her boyfriend.
Recall that Tiwa had disclosed she was being blackmailed with a sex tape of her and her boyfriend.
The alleged sex tape of Tiwa Savage which has gone viral leaked online on Monday night.
It is not confirmed yet if the woman in the viral video is Tiwa Savage but there is a striking resemblance.
Here are some comments
@DrOlufunmilayo “ Tiwa or not, that video was a huge error in judgment, on the part of that woman.Please hear me out: How are you recording a sex tape that’s only showing your face and private part as a woman – but not the man’s face? But you people will says it’s love.Anyway I wish them well. And please don’t get me wrong: I’m NOT saying Tiwa (or the woman) recorded it herself. I’m surprised why will she allow a sex tape recording that only shows her face- instead of both their faces.That’s a lot of real extreme carelessness and reckless lack of caution on her part.”
@Lonewolf “What if the full video has both faces and this 10sec was the only one released? I would rather say she shouldn’t have allowed a video recording in the first place.”
@Diorite “How would she explain to her son in times to come because the internet never forgets.”
@Dearyhybee “That said boyfriend should be interrogated, he could still be the mastermind of the leaked sex tape video of Tiwa Savage to blackmail & to extort her. But unfortunately, she stood her ground. They still released it anyway. That upload mistake was just a stunt, it was a deliberate act.”
@UnitedSancho: “ @TiwaSavage, I’m just curious though. How do you think your son is going to react when he sees this video in the future?, Do you actually see yourself as a good mother?. Time will tell.”
“@AfrisearchGh “ That is Tiwa but her press release has saved her ahead of disgrace.”
@Feyitolu “ Besides, she didn’t cheat
She is not married na, We are just making a big deal out of nothing.”
@DemoOfUK “ The hairline, long hair, the nail polish, forehead, Nose and lips in that video? I think it’s Tiwa Savage. Plus in the interview, she said it’s a very short video. Which makes it all make sense now. But what do I know.”
@Dedayo11 “I don’t care if it’s Tiwa, she’s enjoying herself, the video shouldn’t have been but still love her.”
@Josie “I really respected Tiwa and I still respect her till now. Everyone makes mistake, abeg try her with soft hand.”
@Viewsday “Tiwa Savage is still a wonderful woman. This can’t stop us from loving her less. Let’s appreciate her.”
447 total views, 447 views today
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